Instructor: Mba Mbulu Course Outline

Copyright 1999 ASET, M. Mbulu All rights to everything on this web site are reserved.

Title of Course: Black Government 101 Class # 8 [Audio Version]

(Please Note: The latest amendments to the Code of Umoja appear in RED type.)

Below are Article 7 of the Code of Umoja and some Explanatory Notes. These are included to let you know how seriously Black People have been thinking and acting along Black nationalist lines. Pay close attention to them, and make notes if you think certain changes would improve the document.

ARTICLE VII: JUDICIAL POWER

Section 1: New Afrikan Peoples' Court and The Peoples' District Court

The judicial power of the Republic of New Afrika shall be vested in the Peoples' Center Council, in the New Afrikan Peoples' Court, in a system of district courts, which district shall be the same as the electoral district of the nation and in such inferior courts as the Peoples' Center Council and/or National Territorial Council or the Regional Councils shall create by law. The New Afrikan Peoples' Court shall have two associate judges and one chief judge and a district court shall have a judge. The judges of the New Afrikan Peoples' Court and the district courts shall be elected in direct popular elections at the same time as the election for president and vice-presidents and the representatives to the Peoples' Center Council.

Section 2: Terms of Judges

A. At the first national elections after the ratification of this Code of Umoja, the candidates receiving the first, second and third highest number of votes for New Afrikan Peoples' Court judge shall be judges on the New Afrikan Peoples' Court for nine, six and three year terms respectively. Each three years thereafter there shall be an election to fill the positions of judges whose terms have expired. All New Afrikan Peoples' Court judges elected subsequent to the first elections shall be elected for six year terms. Each judge of the District Court shall be elected for a term of three years.

B. In any election for a New Afrikan Peoples' Center Council judge in which a deadlock occurs due to a tie vote, the Peoples' Center Council shall determine from among the candidates receiving the highest votes which one of these individuals shall serve in the position affected by the tie. In any election for a district court judge in which a deadlock occurs due to a tie amongst the candidates receiving the highest number of votes, the Peoples' District Council shall determine which one of these candidates shall serve in the position affected by the tie.

C. If any New AFrikan Peoples' court judge shall be removed from office, or shall resign, or shall otherwise vacate his or her office, the President of the Republic of New Afrika shall appoint another person to fill the resulting vacancy for the remainder of the unexpired term. If any District Court judgeship shall become vacant, the Peoples' District Council shall select a judge to fill the vacancy.

D. Within sixty days after the first national elections, the first judges elected to the New Afrikan Peoples' Court shall elect from their membership a Chief Justice who shall serve as Chief Justice for three years. Likewise, within sixty days after all subsequent New Afrikan Peoples' Court elections, the judges of the New Afrikan Peoples' court shall elect from their membership a chief justice to serve for three years.

Help support this free, alternative educational system. CLICK HERE and order some valuable reading materials.

[BlackGovernment101][BuyBooks][TheBlackEye][Top]

Section 3: Removal of Judges

Judges of the New Afrikan Peoples' Court and District judges may be removed by 2/3 vote of the Peoples' Center Council or may be recalled by New Afrikan citizens as provided by the Peoples' Center Council.

Section 4: Competency of Courts

A. The New Afrikan Peoples' Court and the District Court shall be competent to determine whether any legislation or legislative or executive action conforms with the Code of Umoja and the aims of the revolution as set forth in the Declaration of Independence. Each court shall also be competent to interpret all other laws of the nation. The New Afrikan Peoples' Court shall be the final forum for the interpretation of the Code of Umoja and the laws of the nation except as provided in Section 5 of this Article.

B. Each District Court shall have original jurisdiction over all cases and controversies which arise in that district and which concern the Republic of New Afrika, its citizens, or persons residing in the Republic of New Afrika. Each District Court shall also have appellate jurisdiction with respect to cases in local courts within that district and there shall be a right to appeal to the District Court where a violation of the Declaration of Independence is at issue or as otherwise provided by the Peoples' Center council, and for courts in the National Territory by the National Territorial Council, or for courts in the other regions, by the Regional councils. The New Afrikan Peoples' Court shall have appellate jurisdiction over all cases and controversies appealed from the District Court. However, appeals to the New Afrikan Peoples' Court shall be at the discretion of the New Afrikan Peoples' Court, and a New Afrikan Peoples' Court may exercise original jurisdiction at its discretion, where issue is raised regarding violations of the Declaration of Independence.

Section 5: Judicial Power of the Peoples' Center Council

At its discretion, the Peoples' Center Council may hear and decide the appeal of any cases from the New Afrikan Peoples' Court if it deems this case to be of national importance.

Help support this free, alternative educational system. CLICK HERE and order some valuable reading materials.

[BlackGovernment101][BuyBooks][TheBlackEye][Top]

Section 6: Administrative Structure for the Courts and Rules of Procedure

A. Peoples' Center Council shall provide by law for the financing of New Afrikan Peoples' Court and the District Court and shall also authorize an administrative structure for these courts which shall make possible the efficient dispensing of justice.

B. Each court shall submit to the People Center Council proposed rules of procedure which will become effective when approved by the Peoples' Center Council.

Section 7: Systems of Justice

The Peoples Center Council shall provide for systems of criminal and civil justice which shall be in conformance with the Declaration of Independence, with the New Afrikan Creed and with this Code of Umoja and which shall totally protect the rights of the people.

Explanatory Notes

This section outlines the New Afrikan court system. As in the last lesson, not much is needed in terms of explanation.

Please review the articles and sections above. It would be to your advantage to be familiar with them.

Help support this free, alternative educational system. CLICK HERE and order some valuable reading materials.

[#9][BlackGovernment101][BuyBooks][TheBlackEye][Top]