Black History 101 Textbook: Ten Lessons: An Introduction to Black History. By purchasing the book, you can help support this educational institution.

Instructor: Mba Mbulu

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Class #6

Read Lesson #6. The Outline to Lesson #6 appears below. Be able to expound on the following issues:

(1) What was the real purpose of the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments to the constitution?

(2) What was the Black general strike?

(3) During the Reconstruction years Blacks held positions as judges, postal clerks, members of federal and state legislative bodies and many other such positions. Why were Black People unable to hold onto these type positions?

(4) How do the Reconstruction years resemble present day conditions for Black People in the United States?

(5) Did Black People govern themselves during the Civil War?

(6) Who freed Black People?

(7) After the Civil War ended, did Black People have the right to branch off from the United States and form an independent government?

(8) Why were white people able to put Black People "back in Our place?"

(9) What was happening to Black People in other parts of the world during this same general time period (1860-1880)?

(10) What is the importance of Marcus Garvey to Black People in the United States?

(11) The following is found on page 131-132:

"The Civil War was a war between white businessmen in the North and white businessmen in the South over economic matters. Even though the North and the South belonged to one country, they had developed different types of economic systems. But, both of the economic systems were growing and had the potential to expand to all sections of the country. Because the North's system was more scientifically organized and had benefitted more from the discoveries of the Industrial Revolution (the use of machines for production purposes), the North gained the upper hand and attempted to ensure its own market and productivity by restricting the economic growth of the South. The South resisted these restrictions because it wanted its economic system to expand throughout the country, and the North quickly proposed a compromise. The compromise guaranteed the continuance of slavery in the states where it was legal, approved of a domestic (within the United States) slave trade, committed the U.S. government to pay southern masters for slaves that had escaped and kept Congress from abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia. This compromise did not suit the South, which recognized that the North would ever be attempting to impose its priorities on the South. The South therefore decided to declare itself independent and leave the Union."

This quote makes it clear that the South started the war. Why would the South start a war that was supposedly fought to end slavery? Or, does this reveal the truth--- that the war was not fought to end slavery?

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LESSON 6 OUTLINE (From Ten Lessons: An Introduction to Black History)

Copyright 1980, 1996,1998, 1999 ASET, M. Mbulu All rights to everything on this web site are reserved.

As a result of the Civil War, the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments and certain developments of the Reconstruction Period, Black People became confused and began seeking integration into American society as opposed to national sovereignty (a Black Nation, which was what We needed then and still need today).

I. The Civil War Period (1861-1865)

A. Military Developments B. The Emancipation Proclamation C. The Black General Strike D. Black Self-Government

II. Reconstruction

A. Economic

1. The effort of the northern capitalist business world to gain control of and transform (change) the business/economy of the South so it would conform to northern business/capitalist interests.

B. Political

1. The effort by northern whites to keep southern whites from regaining control of the southern state governments (and thereby gaining control of the national government).

2. The effort by Black People to lay the foundation for turning the country, as much as possible, into a truly democratic country.

III. White Supremacy

A. Northern Attitudes B. Southern Attitudes C. 1877

IV. Back In Our Place

V. Meantime, In Africa

A. Cultural, Economic, Political, Psychological Destruction B. Reconstruction

VI. Meantime, The Caribbean

A. Capital Investment

B. Political Arrogance

VII. Back Into Ourselves

A. W.E.B. DuBois B. Pan-Africanism C. Marcus Garvey

VIII. Meantime, World Events

A. World War I B. Bolshevik/Russian Revolution C. Chinese Revolution

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